Washington — Russian operations meant to polarize American voters continued during the midterm elections, but did not compromise the voting systems used, according to a study by the intelligence community.

The assessment by Dan Coats, the director of national intelligence, was the result of a request by the White House ahead of the November vote that he examine election meddling by Russia and other powers. The agency did not release that report, but the agency was expected to release a statement on the document.

“Russia used social media, false flag personas, sympathetic spokesmen, Russian-controlled or influenced media, and other means of influence to inflame positions on opposite ends of controversial issues, promote conspiracy theories, and further polarize the American population,” Mr. Coats was expected to say in the statement, according to officials.

The report will be sent to the Justice Department and Department of Homeland Security. Under the executive order issued in September, automatic sanctions could be imposed when the government review is complete on anyone found to have tried to manipulate the vote.

Officials said the statement would include no assessment of the effectiveness of the Russian information campaign — nor would offer more details. The public report will not include an assessment on whether Russian attempts at election meddling were tilted toward a particular party or candidate. Current and former American officials have said that Russian propaganda efforts in the midterm elections were less than expected.

Some officials attributed the diminished Russian activity at least in part to efforts by the government and technology companies.

In the months before the election, the military’s Cyber Command began a campaign to deter the Russians behind the 2016 influence campaign. They sent messages to Russian operatives saying they had been identified and warned them to cease their efforts.

Cyber Command, the National Security Agency and the F.B.I. also tried to identify fake accounts and Russian-backed trolls who were spreading Moscow’s propaganda, passing that information along to technology companies so the accounts could be removed.

The New York Times first reported those Cyber Command operations in October. This month, The Daily Beast published an interview with Yevgeny Zubarev, director of Russia’s Federal News Agency, in which he said he had been targeted by Cyber Command. “The United States Cyber Command writes to me to say that what I am doing is wrong, that their job is to fight trolls,” Mr. Zubarev told The Daily Beast

The results of those efforts, and much broader public understanding of Russian techniques, helped contribute to a less-effective campaign, according to Defense Department and other American officials.

Government officials said they had hoped American resilience and resistance to the Russian techniques might be growing. A pair of reports commissioned by the Senate Intelligence Committee and released this week provided new information about how Russians sought to inflame American opinion and exacerbate existing divisions in the country.

One report released Monday outlined how the Russian campaign aimed to drive down African-American participation in the 2016 election.

Participation in the midterms was up with both parties and it is not clear if the Russians attempted to try and drive down participation with particular groups of people or if they abandoned that effort during this vote.

Laura Rosenberger, the director of the Alliance for Securing Democracy, which monitors election interference, said as long as politicians continue to try to polarize American voters, the public will be vulnerable to Russian interference efforts.

“Our polarization is a national security vulnerability,” she said. “The deeper wedges in American society, the more opportunity there is for Russia to stoke divisions.”

American officials said the efforts by Cyber Command and the N.S.A. were continuing even after the 2018 election. Some outside experts have predicted an intensified information campaign by Russia around Mr. Trump’s election campaign. Only a persistent campaign by the government intelligence agencies will be able to blunt that, officials said.

Ms. Rosenberger said one effective Russian technique, the hacking and release of documents, was not seen in the 2018 vote. But American electoral politics remain vulnerable to such efforts.

Ahead of the election, a joint statement by the director of National Intelligence, F.B.I. and Department of Homeland Security said state and local governments have reported attempts to access their networks. But in the statement Friday, Mr. Coats said that no efforts had been successful.

“At this time, the I.C. does not have intelligence reporting that indicates any compromise of our nation’s election infrastructure that would have prevented voting, changed vote counts, or disrupted the ability to tally votes,” Mr. Coats was expected to say, using initials for the intelligence community.

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